the rifle with a clip of cartridges while the bolt is closed. Pressure
of the thumb should be on the rear part of the case and should be in and
up, not forward and rear.
from a clip with the bolt open. Only one clip of cartridges should be loaded
with the bolt open.
Loading a single round with the bolt closed. Each cartridge should be pushed well past the magazine cover and released smartly.
Loading with a clip in the prone position. Loading in this position is much easier if the loading port is turned upward as shown in the plate.
Drawing back the bolt. The bolt handle should be raised as far as possible to unlock the bolt before it is drawn all the way back.
The bolt fully drawn back. If no cartridges are in the magazine, the bolt catch will hold it in this position. If the magazine is loaded, releasing the bolt from this position will allow it to close and carry a cartridge into the chamber.
Depressing the magazine cover - to close the bolt with the magazine empty - depress the magazine cover, pull the bolt back slightly and release it. To empty the magazine of cartridges with the bolt closed, depress the magazine cover with the gun turned so that the loading port is down and allow the cartridges to be pushed out into the palm of the hand by the magazine follower.
Adjusting the rear sight for elevation.